Foreword

    Taiwan Indigenous Peoples (TIPs) are a branch of Polynesian-Malaysian (or Austronesian) ethnic groups in genetic and linguistic context. Since early 17th Century, TIPs had been playing a crucial role during the Great Marine Times of East Asia trades. There was a rich body of ethnographic, official and academic records on TIPs before 1940. However, the period of 1940-2000 marks as data ”Dark Ages” for TIPs due to 1941-45 Pacific War, 1946-1990 political authoritarian rule in fears of communism and communists infiltration. Persistent lack of TIPs data led TIPs to become isolated, marginalized and thus underdeveloped. Taiwan resumed TIPs population census in 2000 and began recording TIPs individual records in household registration system since 2003. This research program is conducted on the basis of a four-year Joint Research Agreement between Academia Sinica and Council of Indigenous Peoples starting in 2013. One important aim of the research is to construct big anonymous TIPs open research data (or TIPD) based on contemporary census and household registration data sets. TIPD utilizes state-of- the-art data science, record linkage, geocoding, and high-performance in-memory computing technology to construct various dimensions of TIPs demographics & developments. Major outputs of TIPD applications include cross-sectional categorical data, longitudinally constructed population dynamics data, life tables, household statistics, micro genealogy data, intra- & inter-ethnic marriage data, ethnic integration data, ethnic patriarchy and matriarchy identity data, etc. They reflect the progress and efforts of Taiwan academicians struggling to construct various developments of contemporary TIPs. Not only is the research program expected to unveil contemporary TIPs demographics and various developments, but also to help overcome research barriers & unleash social creativity for TIPs studies. They will contribute to shed lights on contemporary population, human dynamics, and developments of TIPs which have been “invisible” to the world for seven decades.
    台灣原住民族屬南島民族,不僅社會及文化多元,族群及語言多樣,自大航海時代以降,亦在東亞經貿扮演要角,歷史文獻眾多。近代以科學及系統化方式記錄台灣原住民族基礎資料始自日治時期,包括人口普查、户籍登錄及調查,但至太平洋戰爭爆發而終止。1940年代初始至公元2000年,係台灣原住民族基礎資料付諸厥如之「黑暗時代」。主要原因包括日治後期太平洋戰爭、戰後治權移轉及治理混亂、國共內戰保安思維延續及擴大至原鄉、和強調單元文化主義。戰後原住民族基礎資料之缺乏,導致原住民族學術研究及各類政策規劃和設計無所依據,難以科學方法進行系統化研究;該情況亦導致原住民族陷入更加孤立與隔絕,使原住民族各類發展難以和現代化過程銜接。基礎資料長期之缺漏,原住民族終將變成過去歷史記憶,並失去現代性及未來發展性。解嚴後及1990年代,眾多先進努力下,公元2000年户口及住宅普查恢復蒐集原住民族基本資料,是為近代原住民族基礎資料之重大里程碑。爾後原住民身分法公布,戶政系統開始加註原住民族戶籍登錄資料,歷經十多年之精進,公元2010年後原住民族公務登記資料之內容和品質已日趨完備。台灣原住民族是台灣過去發展長期被忽略及忽視的主角,今日之記錄必成明日之史料,未來之發展無法脫離過去之軌跡。本研究計畫目的之一是以原住民族現代公務登記資料為基礎,以保障隱私、合乎法律規定、及倫理規範為前提,定期保存原住民族現代公務登錄資料,並運用現代科技及先進計算技術,以科學方法系統化及自動化方式,進行基礎資料加值和基礎統計量運算。研究亦以開放之精神,成果將公開供國內外產官學專家参考及運用,期許有助彌補過去原住民族基礎資料缺失之憾,對目前及未來原住民族基礎資料保存和運用,及促進多元文化發展和各族群相互理解,略盡棉薄之力。